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Basic Introduction to Fall Protection and Ladder Safety Module

​​Any employee working more than 6 feet in height and/or reaching more than 10 inches below a walking or working surface, must be protected by one or more of the standard means as listed in this section, or 29 CFR 1926, Subpart M, OSHA's Fall Protection Standard.​​

Wall Openings

Employees must be protected from falling through wall openings where there is a fall of six or more feet to a lower level, and the opening is more than 18 inches wide, and less than 39 inches from the floor. The standard protections for wall openings are guardrail systems or personal fall arrest systems. 

Walking and Working Surfaces

Employees must be protected from falling while working on walking or working surface six feet or more above lower levels. The standard guardrail system is the preferred means of protection while on walking working surfaces.  If conditions dictate and guardrail systems cannot be used safety harnesses and lanyards attached to a proper anchor point will be used. 

E Light Electric will use the following conventional fall protection unless it creates more of a hazard.

- Standard Guardrails, when possible or feasible.
- Covers over floor openings, walkway openings, etc...
- Safety Harnesses, lanyards, tie off straps, ropes, and rope grabs.
- Three points of contact when climbing or descending ladders.
- Safety monitors and the controlled access zone (CAZ) when feasible.

 Training: All  employees exposed to fall hazards will be trained in the following fall protection systems and tools:

- Guardrail Systems
- Personal Fall Protection Systems
- Warning-line systems
- Control Access Zones 
- The OSHA Standard for Fall Protection
- All employees must certify in writing that they have been trained, acknowledging the date of the training, the person doing the training, and the topics covered.


A standard guardrail is constructed of stanchions, a top rail at least 42 inches high, a mid rail at 21 inches high, and a toe board at least 4 inches high. The guardrail must be capable of withstanding 200 lbs. of force in an outward, downward direction without deflecting more than 3 inches.

The company will supply personal fall protection equipment to employees when necessary.  The fall protection equipment will be assigned to each site superintendent or supervisor.  The personal fall protection equipment comes in kits.  There are two types of kits :

- Bag, harness, 6 ft. lanyards, tie off straps.
- Bag, harness, 2 ft. lanyard attached to a rope grab, 30 ft. rope, and a tie off strap.

Personal Fall Arrest Donning: Site supervisor or superintendents will instruct employees on donning and removal of the safety harness and personal fall protection.

 -Grasp the harness by the back D ring, lifting the harness up in the air, grasp the left shoulder strap with left hand.  Put left shoulder strap over left shoulder continue with right strap and right shoulder.  Hasp chest straps snug not tight.
- Reach for leg straps, connect, secure and snug up.
- Adjust all straps until comfortable. 

Removal of Harness:

Unlatch all straps and connections, slip off over shoulders, grasp back D rings, and stow in the bag.

Maintenance of Harness:

Harness should be kept clean.  If exposed to oils, greases or other products clean off with a soapy rag, or immerse all parts in warn water solution, use any available detergent.  Parts should be scrubbed gently and rinsed thoroughly.  Hang up by back D ring to air dry.   Contact your supervisor with any questions about any replacement parts.

Storage of Personal Fall Protection:

- All personal fall protection should be stored in the bag in a clean dry area. 
- Recheck equipment before use.

Additional Types of Fall Protection Equipment:

- Warning Line Systems
- Safety Monitor
- Controlled Access Zone (CAZ)

Administrative Requirements of this Program:

- Enforcement
- Accident Investigations
- Changes to the Plan 
- Emergencies

​For more information please watch video below:                                                                                                          

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